I’m going to forewarn you… this is a LONG blog, but there was so much history to cover and I’m sure family members will appreciate it. I’ve been working on this entry for several months now and the story of Lewis Clinard’s family haunts me…
I had the pleasure of hosting some Clinard cousins for the day where we shared family history, photos and then a farm tour. Lucien Rawls and his sister, Margery Ruth Rawls Reasoner and her daughter, Bonnie Mills, had contacted me a while back about their pending visit from Florida to Tennessee. Lucien lives in Belle Meade, Tenn., so isn’t so very far away. Ruth’s family still has a farm here in Robertson County that they come to periodically. Bonnie had discovered me through some of her online research with other Clinards so we were both excited to share what we knew.
Lucien and Ruth are descendants of Lawrence Clinard’s youngest child, Lewis Clinard (born April 2, 1814) and Huldah Justice (born Jan 31, 1815) through their son, Archibald Wilson “Cooney” Clinard (Nov 11, 1855) and Susan Emma Crawford, through their daughter, Emma Mae Clinard (July 12, 1892) who married Ernest Edgar Rawls. I’ll insert the entire family in a bit but wanted to give readers their line first.
Lawrence Clinard > Lewis Clinard > Archibald Wilson “Cooney” Clinard > Emma Mae Clinard (their mother)
I took them across the farm, pointing out the old homestead sites and then to the remaining cabin, which is the Huffman cabin. It sits on a hill with a spring below and their great-great grandmother from their Rawls side of the family lived in this cabin!
Phebe Huffman bought the property from Joseph Clinard (my gggg-grandfather) on April 5, 1854 and the deed even notes “at 3 ock PM”. She paid $181 for 145 acres and as the deed does not mention a dwelling, the cabin was probably built some time after her purchase. Her husband, George Huffman dies in Davidson County some time between 1838-1840. Her two teenaged children, William A and Ellen Catherine Huffman lived in the cabin with her and are listed there on the 1860 census there. Ellen Catherine married David Bethuel Parrish and they were the parents of Cornelia Ann Parrish, the grandmother to Ruth and Lucien.
Their first cousin, Robert Michael Clinard, lives in Jacksonville, Florida, and had also been searching for more family history beyond their branch. He had gotten in contact with our cousin Gloria Proctor and she forwarded his email to me. His grandfather was the oldest child of Archibald Wilson “Cooney” Clinard and Susan Emma Crawford, his father John Herman Clinard (June 1, 1885) and the older brother to Emma Mae. So they are “first” cousins however many generations removed.
Lawrence Clinard > Lewis Clinard > Archibald Wilson “Cooney” Clinard > John Herman > Robert Clarence Clinard
When Lucien, Ruth and Bonnie came to visit that afternoon, they brought a treasure trove of old family photos including a photo of Huldah Justice, born in 1815, died in 1875 at the age of 60. She was the wife of Lewis Clinard and this was the prize picture to me. When downloading the photos several days later I noticed the pin on her neck and realized that it was a memorial pin, probably with the picture of Lewis in it! I emailed Bonnie and she said they had never noticed it. Now if one of the cousins has a small oval gold rimmed pin with a man in it… it could be Lewis!
If only Huldah could speak to us, the horrific tales she would tell… So far in my family research, hers is probably the most tragic. Thanks to Mike Clinard’s family who held on to the family Bible that was either the Bible of Lewis or his son, Archibald Wilson Clinard’s, we find that her story is heartbreaking. Mike emailed there was no cover on the Bible, but thank goodness the inside family pages were in good condition.
I was thrilled to see the parents of Lewis listed in the Bible on the Parent’s Record page. Note the spelling of Laurence with a “u” on his name. I had been wondering for years if Laurence’s wife, Rosina Miller, had survived through the years or if he had a second wife and was thrilled to see her listed as the mother of Lewis as well as what they called her – Rosa. I’m trying to verify that she is related to the John, Joseph and George Miller men (Coopertown Millers) that came to Robertson County about the same time as them. This page also gives us the parents of Huldah Justice which we had been unable to prove until this. She is the daughter of Alfred and Nancy Justice, and I’m still searching for Nancy’s maiden name.
Now if you haven’t done the math yet on the gap between Phebe and Lewis, it’s six years. I wonder if Rosa was thrilled or mortified to find out that she was pregnant at 44.
Here’s the family tree from my research so far for Lewis and Huldah’s children so you can cross reference the Bible page information:
I am going to include the family sheet for Nancy Mary Elizabeth and David Harry Parker Jr. as well, as several of their family members are listed. I can’t find Lewis and Huldah on the 1860 census so I’m not sure where they were living at that point.
Here are the Bible pages shared by Mike Clinard. Below each one is a transcription of the written notes with the information cross referenced to our research material for correct spellings and such.
On the back of the page (of the births page) are listed the parents information
Father: Lewis Clinard was born April the 2nd, A.D. 1814
Mother: Huldah Justice daughter of Alfred Justice and his wife Nancy: was born January 31st 1815
Lewis Clinard son of Lawrence Clinard and his wife Rosa was married to his wife Huldah Nov.3rd, 1839
Oliver Bell Parker was born Dec.the 23rd., 1870
Welborn Parker was born Dec. the 28th, 1873
Children of Lewis Clinard and his wife Huldah (**some of the Parker births are listed on this same page)
Josiah Clinard was born July 20th 1840
Marshall Clinard was born the 9th of March 1842
Nancy Mary Elizabeth Clinard was born the 12th of Dec., 1843
Louisa Francis Clinard was born the 17th of Dec., 1845
Andrew L. Clinard was born May the 12th, 1849
Thomas Clinard was born the 28th of March,1851
Archibald W. Clinard was born the 11th of November 1855
David Henry Clinard was born the 18th of July 1859 (I don’t believe he was listed before, later he is listed as died June 10, 1862)
Birthy Ann Parker was born the 25th of April 1860
Martha Jane Parker was born the 2nd of July 1861
Melvin M. Clinard born 14th of August 1861 and died June the 19th 1862
Josiah M. Parker was born the 25th Nov.,1863
Mary Allis Parker was born Oct. the 6th ,1865
Charley Parker was born the 23rd of August 1868?
**All of these entries are in the same handwriting with the exception of possibly the last entry
The backside of Page 2 includes and is titled
Josiah S. Clinard was married to his wife Harriet Amanda (Parker) the 4th of Nov., 1860
Nancy Mary Elizabeth Clinard was married to her husband David Harry Parker Jr. the 26th of June 1859
(**The Parker children are all their babies)
A.W. Clinard was married to Emma G. Carter April 20th, 1879
An interesting side note of marriages – not listed on this Bible page but between the Parkers and Clinards I’m updating this morning.
The children of David Harry Parker Sr:
Catharine “Kittie” Parker married Wiley Clinard (son of Joseph)
Sarah E. Parker married Flavious J. (or F.J.) Carter, a neighbor
Eliza E Parker married Brown Clinard (son of Joseph, his second wife – Wiley is his brother that married Kittie)
Julia Parker married Simeon Clinard (we think is the son of Henry or possibly Andy, need proof on that)
Harriet Amanda Parker married Josiah S “Joe” Clinard (listed above)
David Harry Parker Jr. married Nancy Mary Elizabeth Clinard (listed above and sister to Joe)
It would appear after cross referencing the marriage of “A.W. Clinard and Emma G. Carter in 1879 that A.W. Clinard’s first wife was Emma G. Carter. Her father was George G. Carter, mother, Melissa Martin, brother was Patrick Henry Carter and she is buried at Mt. Zion with her Carter family.
I found the marriage cert on ancestry.com for A.W. Clinard marrying Emma Carter. They were married by S. Clinard, J.P., and in the 1880 census they are living with her mother and a brother and aunt. (This would be Simeon Clinard)
“Our little baby was born November the 24th, 1878”
The only unknown that I see is the baby born Nov. 24, 1878
It would seem they quit using the Bible for entries after Emma G. Carter’s and her baby’s death. I wonder if they started a new one when he re-married Susan Emma Crawford as none of those entries appear in this one.
Louisa Francis Clinard died May 22nd, 1862, being only-15yrs-5 months-and 5 days of age
David Henry Clinard died June 10th, 1862, being only 2yrs-10 months-and 23 days of age
Lewis Clinard died June 15th, 1862, being 48yrs-10 months-and 13 days of age
Martha Jane Parker died the 28th of June, 1862
Marshall Clinard died the 11th June 1862, being only 20 yrs-3 mos.-and 5 days of age
Melvin M. Clinard son of Josiah Clinard and his wife Harriet Amanda, died June the 19th, 1862
Josiah Clinard died March the 24th, 1863-aged 22 yrs, 8 months and 4 days (Civil War info)
Huldah Clinard died the 23rd of July 1875, being 60 yrs-5 months and 23 days of age
Nancy M.E. Parker died July the 11th, 1877
Emer G. Clinard died May 24, 1881 (*see below)
Our little baby died May 26, 1881
If you look at the close timing of the dates of deaths, you will see several were in May and June of 1862. We think this is due to measles, as there was a known outbreak at Camp Cheatham, as well as among the troops at Fort Donelson. Who knows if the measles originated with the troops or at home first…
I found a History of Mt. Zion Church book at a local yard sale and it holds a wealth of local information including the memories of John Milton Martin. Forty years after the Civil War, he related his experience of being in the Civil War to his daughter, Annie Martin, who recorded it. He mentions our Josiah “Joe” Clinard, and I believe his account also sheds light on the outbreak of deaths in the Clinard family and community back in Robertson County. I will have it in its entirety in a later blog.
His introduction has them going for training and then returning home. I’ll pick up from there…
“We felt like we had been somewhere sure enough. Our stay at home was short; we were ordered out again, this time to Tyree Springs in Robertson County, where we stayed only a few days, and then was ordered to Fort Donelson in Nov. 1861. We marched to Goodlettsville took the train there and went to Nashville and took a boat down the river. When we arrived the next day, we were put to work cleaning our camping ground and fixing to build cabins to winter in. I did not stay in camp long as Joe Clinard took the measles and had to go to the hospital. Capt. Bidwell sent me along to nurse him, as I was a little “puny” at that time and he thought I might be taking the measles. I went and waited on thirty or forty before taking them myself. I was not at camp anymore. All that were able to travel were sent home on sick furlough just before Christmas.
“Gee,” Sam and I came home; we were all just over the measles, and Sam and I had a relapse and did not get back to take part in the battle. Gee went back and was in the fight and was surrendered on the 15th of Feb. 1862, was sent to prison at Camp Butler, Ill. Sam and I were left outside in the enemy line. After our recovery we had to stay hid, as there were some Yankees, or sympathizers, who watched everything and made reports.
As soon as we got strong enough for duty, we went to Clarksville and joined the 8th Kentucky Cavalry in W.A. Elliott’s Co. A which was made up in the enemy’s line. We then belonged to the “Butter Milk Cavalry,” which we had joined for one year. After maneuvering around in Kentucky and Northern Tennessee until fall, we went south. When we got to the army, we found they would not take volunteers for less than three years, so our regiment disbanded with the privilege of joining anywhere we wanted to join.
In the meantime, the 30th Tennessee Regiment had been exchanged, so I joined that at Granada, Miss. We were then sent to Vicksburg on the Conestoga for Port Hudson, La. On Jan. 6, 1863. We were in the bombardment there. We left there for Jackson, Miss. On May 2, 1863. We went from there to Raymond, Miss. On May 2, 1863. We went from there to Raymond, Miss. where we met Grant’s army – had a battle on May 12, 1863. We then fell back to Jackson. Our brigade, which was Greggs, was then put under Joseph E. Johnston. We were in the siege at Jackson, where I fought in two battles. We were then sent to reinforce Bragg. We were in the battle of Chickamauga on the 19th and 20th of Sept. 1863, then in the battle of Missionary Ridge.”
First Lewis and Huldah’s 15-year-old daughter dies May 22, 1862. In the Estate Settlement Loose Files for Lewis Clinard at the Robertson County Archives, I found several slips of paper that give us a glimpse into this horrific time. The top receipt is for for a casket for his daughter from E.P. Benton for the amount of $8.
In the Bible entry, is says Marshall died June 11, however, the Confederate Records, Tennessee State Library Archives have him listed as dying on June 4. Whichever date, Marshall Clinard, their second child, dies at the age of 21 at as a prisoner of war in Camp Butler, Alton, Illinois. (this must be near Springfield, Ill., as I’ve seen it as that too)
He had enlisted as a private in the Confederacy on Oct. 21, 1861 at Red Sulphur Springs, Tenn., in Macon County and was in Company A, 30th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry. He was captured at Fort Donelson on Feb. 16, 1862, along with his first cousin Brown Clinard (my great-great-great grandfather.) I believe his brother Josiah was also captured and taken to Camp Butler, but was exchanged to Vicksburg Sept 30, 1862. Following are Civil War records showing the brothers and cousin listed as prisoners of war.
Brown Clinard died at age 39 on March 30, 1862 in Camp Butler, leaving a young son and daughter and widow. Much more on him later as he is my direct line…
I wonder if Marshall and Josiah sat with Brown as he died to comfort and console him… And I guess since Josiah didn’t get exchanged to Vicksburg until Sept 30, 1862, he would have been there with his brother Marshall when he died at Camp Butler.
There are several letters from William Henry Farmer writing home from Camp Butler in Illinois where he is a prisoner of war. These letters were donated to the Tennessee State Library Archives by his family. Martha Farmer Anthony Collection, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN on microfilm. William Farmer’s younger sister was Martha Farmer, born in 1846.
He was a friend of the Clinards and neighbor that lived in the community and attended Mt. Zion. His letters home from Camp Butler include notes to his sisters, Nancy Ann Elizabeth and Sarah Frances, “Nannie and Fannie,” as well as his mother and cousins. His nickname was “Bake”. Here’s just one of his letters that mentions my ggg-grandfather having died.
April the 3rd 1862
Camp Butler, IL
William H. Farmer
I received your very kind letter yesterday was glad to hear from home once more and to hear that you was all well. I am well at time and have had good health ever since I have been here. I am fatter than you ever saw me. We have had a great deal of sickness caused by exposure at Donelson and severe deaths. I will name those you know Brown Clinard, Hutch Sayars, John Ferly and several you don’t know. Will Soyors is very sick with the fever. I have seen several of my kinfolk’s since I have been here. Pat, Carter, Miles, Betsy, Beth, Cas and several others were in 5 miles of Springfield. You said you was trying to make a crop. You ought to put in the best land and manure it well and you can make hay off a little ground. I want you to put my colt on the pasture somewhere if you can. I reckon I must close give my love to all the children and kinfolk’s and write and tell all to write.
From your son,
William H. Farmer
I often wonder if Brown and Marshall wrote letters home too. I wonder how long it took for news to reach home about their deaths… And I wonder if the boys at Camp Butler knew the horrible news about their family members dying at home…
Back at home, Lewis and Huldah’s three-year-old baby, David Henry dies on June 10.
Five days later, Lewis himself dies on June 15, almost reaching 49 years old.
Four days later, on June 19, Lewis and Huldah’s grandson, Melvin M. Clinard, son of Josiah and Harriet Amanda Parker dies at about 10 months old.
I can’t even imagine the grief that Huldah must have been experiencing at this point. Losing her husband, three children and two grandchildren within a month’s time. I’m not sure if her daughter and the Parker grandchildren were living with Lewis and Huldah at this time and I don’t know for sure if David Harry Parker Jr was enlisted in the war and gone.
With Lewis gone, she is left to carry on the best she could. The estate of Lewis gives lots of details into their lives, from loans to make purchases, to a farm note with a list of repairs from Benjamin Rawls. These notes due were submitted to court with usually the person that was owed the most acting as the administrator.
In the Robertson County Will Book 17, pg. 408, on August 1st, 1862, Lewis Clinard’s estate is inventoried, sold and settled. William T. Hollis is the administrator. I’ve transcribed it for easier reading. We do not know where he and these family members were buried. There are hundreds of unmarked graves at Mt. Sharon and that’s where many of the Clinards are buried.
The inventory is as follows: Note Huldah had to purchase her own things. How horrible!
Lewis Clinard’s Inventory and Account of Sale, by W.T. Hollis, Admin, Aug. 1st, 1862
1 Two horse plow ~ The Widow 3.00
1 Bull Tongue Plow “ 1.00
1 2 inch Auger ~ W.T. Hollis .80
1 Mowing blade “ .90
2 Axes The Widow 1.00
Cross Cut Saw ~ W. T. Hollis 2.50
2 Axes ~ W. T. Hollis .10
Hand Axe ~ Sam Ausburn .55 (**Osborne?)
1 Small Axe ~ W.T. Hollis .95
3 Weeding ? “ .55
1 One-horse plow “ .30
1 Shovel “ .15
1 Grind stone “ .65
1 Clock ~ The Widow 5.00
4 Sheep, 1st Choice ~ Richard Knight 8.50
4 “ , 2nd “ “ 7.30
1 Sheep out ~ W. T. Hollis 2.00
1 Bay horse ~ S. Fuqua 29.50
1 Broad Axe ~ W. T. Hollis .30
1 Sow & pig ~ George Dowlen 9.35
1 “ ~ Sam Ausburn 7.35
1 Hog ~ G Fuqua 4.00
4 Shoats ~ G. Cooper 8.40
1 Cow ~ The Widow 6.00
1 “ ~ C. W. Abernathy 16.00
1 Bull ~ Richard Knight 5.25
1 “ ~ Sam Fuqua 3.75
Total amount of sale… $124.95
Robertson County Court August Term 1862
The foregoing account of sale of the property belonging to the estate of Lewis Clinard deceased, was examined by the court confirmed and ordered to be recorded.
By GW Dorris
The actual page:
With the estate settled, they also gave the widow a one-year-allowance that was decided by the men listed who would have been family friends or neighbors.
Mrs. Huldy Clinard’s One-Years Allowance
We the undersigned freeholders of Robertson County, after being duly sworn have proceeded to set apart to Huldy Clinard widow of Lewis Clinard deceases so much of the crop and provisions on hand as will be sufficient in our opinion to support her and her family one year from the death of her said husband, we set apart to her for said purpose the following articles to wit,
Corn 40 BB (bushels abbrev?), wheat what’s on hand, all the bacon, lard, soap that’s on hand, and flour, pork ?, pepper, spice sugar and coffee, $15.00, wool what’s on hand 25 lb, cotton what’s on hand, the present crop, fodder of present crop.
J. T. Hollis, Peter Hinkle, T. Demonbreun
~ ~ ~
On March 24, 1863, Josiah Clinard, oldest and first-born son of Lewis and Huldah, dies but I’m not sure where he was when he died or where he was buried. Perhaps some of you know from his line? We know he was exchanged at Vicksburg from his records and would appear was taken prisoner again on retreat from Abbyville, MS.
**CLINARD, J.S. private/sergeant; Co. A, 30th TN Vol. Inf.; captured at Fort Donelson, Feb. 16, 1862, sent to prison at Camp Butler, Springfield, IL; taken prisoner on retreat from Abbyville, MS; died in prison at Alton, IL, March 2, 1863. 30th TN Vol. Inf., Confederate Service Records, TSLA. Robertson County, Tennessee 1802-1930 Obituaries and Death Records, compiled by Gregory G. Poole
William Bake Farmer that was also at Camp Butler (letter from above), was also exchanged at Vicksburg, so perhaps his memories bear some clues that can be traced to battles, etc. Three months after his last letter to his mother, William Farmer was released from Camp Butler when he and his fellows were exchanged for Federal prisoners at Vicksburg, Miss., in September 1862. On his Civil War Veteran’s Questionaire that William filled out when he was 82, he recounts his experiences in the war. From his account it’s really extraordinary that he lived to tell about it.
He states that he was in the “30 Tennessee Regiment. My company was Co. A. 30 Tenn. Regiment. I will find your list of my company when we went in the army thar is but now 4 living.” Company A was sent to “Red Springs Macon, Co. Tenn” first and it was about 5 months before his company was engaged in their first battle which was Fort Donelson where he was captured. He “was sent to prison to Camp Butler Springfield Illinois exchanged at Vixburg Miss. September 1862 the regiment remustered for 3 years or the war. I never missed but one battle the regiment was in. was always able for duty. Was in about 20 battles. I went in the battle of Chicamaga with 22 in my Company lost 9 killed and 9 wounded 4 stacked armes at Snodgrass Hill Sunday night myself and one mour are now living that was the 20 of Sept. 1863.” He was “Paroled at Greensbo N.C April 26, 1865. I have my parole now. My Briggade walked from Greensboro, N.C. to Grenville Tenn. Taken the tranes and come to Nashville got on a freight train for Springfield after leaving Nashville they demanded our far(e) for riding on the trane some payed I had no money I sed to the boys taking _____throw them off take to ____.” (I guess these words were illegible)
PICTURE OF FIVE VETERANS, INCLUDING
John Milton Martin and William H. Farmer
A photo of five Civil War veterans ran in The Robertson County Times and Howard L. Martin, grandson of one of the men in the photograph contacted the newspaper with the identification of all of the veterans. He had a photo with all of the men identified on the back. They are: Seated in front, A.T. Goodloe, left, and John M. Martin. In back, from left: John W. Crunk, William H. “Bake” Farmer, and H. Clay Murphey. They were photographed at a reunion at Fort Donelson in August of 1901. According to the report in the newspaper information provided by Howard Martin, Crunk, Farmer and Martin were in Company A, 30th Tennessee Regiment; Murphey in the 18th Tennessee Regiment and Goodlow in Company D, 35th Alabama Regiment. He also noted that Rev. Goodloe was a Methodist minister, Crunk, Farmer and Martin were Methodists and Murphey was a Baptist with a Methodist wife.
NOTE: John Milton Martin died Jan. 22, 1929 at the age of 89. He was born Oct. 26, 1840. He married his first wife, Sarah Frances “Fannie” Farmer, sister to William Henry “Bake” Farmer, on Feb. 21, 1871. She died April 16, 1882 at the age of 38. He later married Miss Etta Barnes from Wilson County. She was born Nov. 26, 1860 and died Jan 21, 1947. She is buried in the Mt. Zion Cemetery.
Back to the Clinard Bible Death entries:
***The death of “Emer G. Clinard” would be for Emma G. Carter Clinard, 1st wife of Archibald Wilson Clinard who died at age 25 in childbirth? The last death item in the Bible “Our little baby died May 26, 1881, would probably be Emma G. Carter Clinard and Archibald Wilson’s first baby that died – she had died in childbirth two days prior. She is buried at Mt. Zion next to Melissa Martin Carter and Patrick Henry Carter, her mother and brother.
Archibald Wilson Clinard married Susan Emma Crawford May 3, 1884
So in putting that information all out there, I’m sure most of you are a bit boggled, so you can refer to the above family trees.
Bonnie had printed out a copy of all of her family groups genealogy for me and I printed mine for her so we sat down and fired up our laptops to compare facts and swap info. I gave Lucien and Ruth different things to read through including the histories I had of Mt. Sharon and Margaret Walker’s memories of the community and they reminisced about their childhood memories.
With the clock ticking for their dinner appointment it seemed our afternoon was gone in the blink of an eye!
And speaking of dinner… time for mine. On my next entry, I’ll share their collection of family photos and memories.
If you see anything that is incorrect or would like to add something, please let me know and I can update this blog to change it. Leave a reply or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org