Abingdon, Virginia – Henry Clinard in Washington and Wythe County
A few years ago I decided to track down my Clinard family history in person. The trail led through Abingdon, Virginia and then on to Old Salem and Abbotts Creek, North Carolina. Our first stop was Abingdon to visit their archives and court house to look up records on Henry Clinard (1770s – ?), brother to my ggggggrandfather, Lawrence Clinard and son of Johann Phillip Kleinart/Clinard (1725-1802).
My mother loves history as well, so I took her along for the ride. This was the “Tavern” in downtown Abingdon, Va was built in 1779 and would have been there when Henry and Mary lived in the Abingdon area.
According to their website at: http://www.abingdontavern.com “The Tavern, the oldest of Abingdon’s historic buildings and one of the oldest west of the Blue Ridge, was built in 1779. It was used from it’s beginning as a tavern and overnight inn for stagecoach traveler’s. The Tavern has had such guests as Henry Clay; Louis Philippe, King of France; President Andrew Jackson; and Pierre Charles L’Enfant, designer of Washington D.C.”
We booked a couple of nights at the Shepherd’s Joy B & B on the edge of town and enjoyed our stay. They had beautiful antiques and their meals were delightful. I didn’t take many pictures but you can see more on their website at http://www.shepherdsjoy.com/
We visited the Washington County, Virginia Historic Society where I found a little bit of information on Henry Clinard and his wife, Mary Rosenbaum Hinkle Clinard. Here is what we know about Henry. He was in Virginia as early as February 1797 when he marries Mary Rosenbaum Hinkle in Virginia on Dec. 7, 1790.
She had previously married John Hinkle on Feb. 26, 1790 in Rowan Co., N.C. (not sure how he fits in with the Rowan Co Hinkles – perhaps he was the son of Peter Hinkle (1743-1775) and a sibling to Mary, Anthony and Peter?). We don’t know when or where he dies but she re-marries 10 months later to Henry.
It would appear that Henry Clinard/Clynard was the first of Johann Phillip Kleinert’s sons to move away from the Abbotts Creek, N.C. community where they lived. Wythe County, Virginia is about 80 miles from Winston-Salem, N.C.
My Lawrence left N.C. about 1804 after the death of his father and would have had to go through Virginia and the Cumberland Gap to get to Tennessee. Perhaps he stopped off to see Henry, his brother along the way.
Our first stop was at the Washington County, Va., Historic Society to dig around for information on Henry and the Rosenbaum family.
I found quite a bit of information on the Rosenbaum family at the Historical Society of Washington County in Abingdon. They had a book in their genealogy material that was a treasure trove of data from a researcher. “The Rosenbaum-Rosenbalm Family of Southwest Virginia” by Clifford R. Canfield, Frankfurt, Germany, 1963. I copied the pages that were pertinent to the direct family and some excerts and will put those in a photo gallery to share. Please note this is probably copyrighted material, so if using this material, give proper credit to the author. These might be a little out of order…
So that gave you Mary’s family information, as well as their migration pattern, etc.. I wonder if the Rosenbaums knew the Clinards and Hinkles in Pennsylvania? This would be interesting to research! Here are copies of the original will of Alexander Rosenbaum and his estate settlement that was at the archives. The transcriptions are in the gallery above in the Rosenbaum book. Alexander’s death was in 1806 and his daughter Mary Clynard is mentioned in the will so we know she is still living then.
Then I dropped into the Washington County Courthouse and got a copy of Henry Clinard/Clynard’s military discharge from 1810.
We’re not exactly sure why Henry was discharged from Fort Powhatan for being “improperly enlisted” – he was around 40 then so it couldn’t have been age related. Something else to research… I can’t find much on Fort Powhatan or it’s military history.
“Fort Powhatan 13th January 1810
It having been represented to the honorable the Secretary of War that Henry Clynard a private soldier in the late Capt. Alexander S. Walkers Company the Rifle Regiment had been improperly enlisted has ordered that he be discharged the service of the United States in conformity thereto the said Henry Clynard is hereby discharged from said service and declared free to return to his family in Washington County Virginia.”
It was recorded in the Washington County, Va courthouse records in the 1806-1812 Will Book 3, page 85.
After 1810, it appears they drop off the map for a while in the research I’ve seen or done. Perhaps she died and is buried there with her Rosenbaum family and Henry decided to go to Tennessee to join his brother Lawrence.
Just a short drive past Shepherd’s Joy is the old White’s Mill which still produces today. I wish it had been open when we visited but it wasn’t. They have an online store and more information at: http://www.whitesmill.org/
From there, we took a quick detour off the highway at the Wythe County Archives to see if we could find anything on the Clinards. They would have passed through on their way from North Carolina to Abingdon.
He is listed in the 1800 Wythe County, VA Personal Property Tax List A, 1800 Clynard, Henry. A Wythe Co, Va court record showing him serving jury duty in June 13, 1801 and it notes: “Henry Clinard, 50 miles to court and the same returning and is allowed three days attendance”. Damascus, Virginia to Wytheville, Virginia is about 55 miles and in his 1806 military discharge papers it notes he is living in Washington County, Va in 1810.
So, after that we have a blank on facts for Henry and Mary Clinard. We’ll have to make a leap in assumptions to the next generation and go from there until a family Bible or scrap of paper comes to light with a family tree written on it that can confirm our guesses. Our next data for who we think are the children of Henry and Mary are marriage and census records that show children that were probably theirs. If Henry came on to Tennessee after 1810, perhaps he stayed with Lawrence in Robertson County for a while.
From my data, I think that Alexander Clinard, born 1792 in Virginia, a Philip Clinard born 27 Feb, 1804? in Virginia, a Sarah and a Jane (don’t know their birth dates) are their children. If this is true, then it’s interesting that they all married in 1825, three of them just days apart.
Alexander Clinard marries Margaret (or Martha Ann?) Brumley 19 Nov, 1825, Williamson County, TN
Philip Clinard marries Nancy Brumley on 15 June 1825 by William Lylte, J.P. in Davidson County, TN
Sarah Clinard marries Alexander James on 16 June, 1825 by William Faulkner
Jane Clinard marries Uriah Marcum on 18 June 1825 by William Lylte, J.P.
On ancestry.com I found the marriage record of Philip, Sarah and Jane recorded together on the same page:
That’s enough for now.. My Family Tree Maker program with my Clinard family tree is locked up, so I have to get that resolved to see what I have saved from here on!